# link

http://codeforces.com/contest/749

# [bzoj 2525][Poi2011] Dynamite

## Description

The Byteotian Cave is composed of  n chambers and n-1 corridors that connect them. For every pair of chambers there is unique way to move from one of them to another without leaving the cave. Dynamite charges are set up in certain chambers. A fuse is laid along every corridor. In every chamber the fuses from the adjacent corridors meet at one point, and are further connected to the dynamite charge if there is one in the chamber. It takes exactly one unit of time for the fuse between two neighbouring chambers to burn, and the dynamite charge explodes in the instant that fire reaches the chamber it is inside.
We would like to light the fuses in some m chambers (at the joints of fuses) in such a way that all the dynamite charges explode in the shortest time possible since the fuses are lit. Write a program that will determine the minimum such time possible.

# [bzoj 2097][Usaco2010 Dec] 奶牛健美操

## Description

Farmer John为了保持奶牛们的健康，让可怜的奶牛们不停在牧场之间 的小路上奔跑。这些奶牛的路径集合可以被表示成一个点集和一些连接 两个顶点的双向路，使得每对点之间恰好有一条简单路径。简单的说来， 这些点的布局就是一棵树，且每条边等长，都为1。 对于给定的一个奶牛路径集合，精明的奶牛们会计算出任意点对路径的最大值， 我们称之为这个路径集合的直径。如果直径太大，奶牛们就会拒绝锻炼。 Farmer John把每个点标记为1..V (2 <= V <= 100,000)。为了获得更加短 的直径，他可以选择封锁一些已经存在的道路，这样就可以得到更多的路径集合， 从而减小一些路径集合的直径。 我们从一棵树开始，FJ可以选择封锁S (1 <= S <= V-1)条双向路，从而获得 S+1个路径集合。你要做的是计算出最佳的封锁方案，使得他得到的所有路径集合 直径的最大值尽可能小。 Farmer John告诉你所有V-1条双向道路，每条表述为：顶点A_i (1 <= A_i <= V) 和 B_i (1 <= B_i <= V; A_i!= B_i)连接。 我们来看看如下的例子：线性的路径集合(7个顶点的树) 1---2---3---4---5---6---7 如果FJ可以封锁两条道路，他可能的选择如下： 1---2 | 3---4 | 5---6---7 这样最长的直径是2，即是最优答案(当然不是唯一的)。

# Codeforces Round#274 Div.2

## A. Expression

Petya studies in a school and he adores Maths. His class has been studying arithmetic expressions. On the last class the teacher wrote three positive integers a, b, c on the blackboard. The task was to insert signs of operations '+' and '*', and probably brackets between the numbers so that the value of the resulting expression is as large as possible. Let's consider an example: assume that the teacher wrote numbers 1, 2 and 3 on the blackboard. Here are some ways of placing signs and brackets:

• 1+2*3=7
• 1*(2+3)=5
• 1*2*3=6
• (1+2)*3=9

Note that you can insert operation signs only between a and b, and between b and c, that is, you cannot swap integers. For instance, in the given sample you cannot get expression (1+3)*2.

It's easy to see that the maximum value that you can obtain is 9.

Your task is: given a, b and c print the maximum value that you can get. 继续阅读

# CodeForce Round#275 Div.2

## A. Counterexample

Your friend has recently learned about coprime numbers. A pair of numbers {a, b} is called coprime if the maximum number that divides both a and b is equal to one.

Your friend often comes up with different statements. He has recently supposed that if the pair (a, b) is coprime and the pair (b, c) is coprime, then the pair (a, c) is coprime.

You want to find a counterexample for your friend's statement. Therefore, your task is to find three distinct numbers (a, b, c), for which the statement is false, and the numbers meet the condition l ≤ a < b < c ≤ r.

More specifically, you need to find three numbers (a, b, c), such that l ≤ a < b < c ≤ r, pairs (a, b) and (b, c) are coprime, and pair(a, c) is not coprime.

# [bzoj 1067][SCOI2007] 降雨量

## Description

我们常常会说这样的话：“X年是自Y年以来降雨量最多的”。它的含义是X年的降雨量不超过Y年，且对于任意Y＜Z＜X，Z年的降雨量严格小于X年。例如2002，2003，2004和2005年的降雨量分别为4920，5901，2832和3890，则可以说“2005年是自2003年以来最多的”，但不能说“2005年是自2002年以来最多的”由于有些年份的降雨量未知，有的说法是可能正确也可以不正确的。

# [bzoj 1012][JSOI2008] 最大数

## Description

现在请求你维护一个数列，要求提供以下两种操作：1、 查询操作。语法：Q L 功能：查询当前数列中末尾L个数中的最大的数，并输出这个数的值。限制：L不超过当前数列的长度。2、 插入操作。语法：A n 功能：将n加上t，其中t是最近一次查询操作的答案（如果还未执行过查询操作，则t=0)，并将所得结果对一个固定的常数D取模，将所得答案插入到数列的末尾。限制：n是非负整数并且在长整范围内。注意：初始时数列是空的，没有一个数。

# [bzoj 1044][HAOI2008]木棍分割

## Description

有n根木棍, 第i根木棍的长度为Li,n根木棍依次连结了一起, 总共有n-1个连接处. 现在允许你最多砍断m个连